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Fruit Trees

Recommended Fruit Trees for the Brazoria County, Texas Area

Type Variety Good This Area Characteristics Reference


Apple

Anna Yes Large crops of large, sweet, crisp, mild flavored fruit that stores 2 months. Self-fruitful, but better production if pollinated by Dorsett Golden. A low-chilling yellow apple with a slight red blush. The fruit ripens in early June, softens fast and should be handled carefully. Optimum harvest is before one third of the peel develops the red blush. Ripens late June. It is suggested as a pollinator for Dorsett Golden. 200 chill hours. Urban

Dorsett Golden Yes Large, firm, sweet. Golden delicious type. Stores 2 months. Very low chill yellow apple. The fruit has a yellow peel which develops a slight pink blush. The fruit ripens in June. If picked with a slight blush, the flavor is sweet, fruit is firm and will store several weeks in the refrigerator. The tree has moderate vigor. Bloom period for the Dorsett Golden overlaps with Anna and the two varieties should be planted together for good cross pollination. Ripens mid to late June. 100/200 chill hours. Urban

Ein Shemer Yes Large, crispy, juicy fruit. Matures in mid-June or early July. Requires < 150 chill hours (low). Grows to height of 8-12 feet. Originally from Israel, so should be well-suited for this area. Self pollinator.

Gala Yes Mid chill apple. Red striping gives golden skin a red-orange color. Crisp, aromatic flesh with touch of tartness. Excellent quality fruit that stores well. Ripens mid-summer to early fall. Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish-orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2-3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. 5-600 hours. Self-fruitful BeeKeeper

Granny Smith No An all-purpose apple with green skin, firm, crisp flesh, and a pleasantly tart flavor. Named after its discoverer Maria (or Mary) Ann Smith (died 1870), an Australian gardener. 200-400 chill hours. BeeKeeper

Mollie's Delicious Yes Mid chill, excellent quality red apple. Large fruit has light yellow ground color and bright red blush. Sweet taste is excellent for fresh eating or juice. Vigorous tree. Ripens mid-late July. BeeKeeper

Rev Morgan Altaspur Yes Bud mutation by Dr. Leon Atlas in Houston from Granny Smith seedling. Excellent dessert apple. Superb flavor and texture. Red blush over green skin. Highly productive. Stores 6-8 months. Self-fruitful. Ripens mid-August. 550 chill hours. Urban

Apricot

Blenham Yes A medium-sized apricot with orange color and yellow flesh. It is suggested for trial planting, and ripens in late June. Some confusion has arisen from the mixing of Blenheim and Royal trees. TAMU
Royal Yes A medium-sized apricot with yellow color and yellow flesh which ripens in mid-June. It is suggested for trial planting. TAMU

Blackberry

Arapaho Yes Early ripening. Great sweet berry on very productive canes. An erect thornless variety that produces a medium sized, firm, high-quality fruit over a four-week season. Very productive, has no thorns, and is resistant to both Double Blossom and Rust. No other variety offers this many positive characteristics Urban
Brazos Yes One of the most widely known and popular variety. Very large attractive berries. Fairly firm with good flavor, good quality. Very vigorous and upright grower. Very productive and disease resistant. Ripen mid May BeeKeeper
Brison Yes A large, erect blackberry which is a high yielding variety. The fruit is firm and more sweet than Brazos TAMU
Kiowa Yes (New in 2003) Produces the largest ( 3" long and 12 grams) of the Arkansas varieties. Produces large quantities of flavorful berries for about six weeks. This thorned variety grows 5-6' tall with a 4-8' spread and blooms earlier and longer than other blackberries Urban
Rosborough Yes An erect blackberry which has produced high yields across Texas. Fruit is firm and has very small seeds. Roseborough has demonstrated outstanding yields of high quality berries across Texas. The cane is very vigorous and thorny TAMU
Womack Yes A large, erect blackberry which demonstrated high yields in North Central Texas. The fruit has smaller seeds and sweeter berries than Brazos. The cane is erect and thorny TAMU

Blueberry

Brightwell Tall and spreading growth. Large, firm fruit with little to no picking scar. Midseason variety, ripens early-mid June. One of the most popular varieties. BeeKeeper
Climax Yes One of the earliest ripening varieties. Upright growth. Most of the berries ripen at one time. Medium, dark blue fruit. Recommended for home and commercial plantings. Good pollinator. Beautiful fall color. Harvest begins in late May - early June. BeeKeeper

Fig

Alma Yes A high quality fig which is extremely productive and ripens in late June. The fruit eye is closed by a drop of resin. The bush is moderately vigorous, comes into production at an early age and produces extremely heavy crops. The tree is very frost sensitive TAMU
Brown Turkey No Susceptible to souring because of an open eye which allows entry of a fruit beetle
Black Mission Yes
Celeste Yes A small, dark, high quality fig which ripens in mid-June. Celeste fruits have a distinctive closed eye which is a good fresh eating fig and is excellent for preserving. There is no fig more universally adapted to Texas than the Celeste. This fig is often sold under the name Celestial, Blue Celeste or Sugarfig. The bush is moderately vigorous and very productive TAMU
Green Ischia Yes
Kadota
LSU
Texas Everbearing No Susceptible to souring because of an open eye which allows entry of a fruit beetle

Grape

Champanel Yes A red jelly variety developed by the legendary T.V. Munson of Denison, TX which is extremely well adapted to the Texas Gulf Coast. The cluster is small with large black seeded berries which are very acidic until fully ripe. The vine is extremely vigorous and grows well in a wide range of soils, however, it can have serious iron chlorosis problems on some poorly drained high pH soils. The vine responds best to cordon or curtain pruning. It is resistant to Pierces Disease, Black Rot, Downy Mildew, Anthracnose and Powdery Mildew and will not require fungicide sprays. It is also resistant to all insects except the Grape Leaffolder. The 'Champanel' is an outstanding garden grape because of its ease of culture and natural resistance to insect and disease. It also makes the best arbor variety for the same reasons. TAMU
Muscadine

Lemon

Gal Gal Yes The most cold hardy of all the lemons. Easily tolerates 27 degrees F. Urban
Meyer Lemon Yes Not a true lemon, ripens in August through March. Large fruit, moderately seedy, good lemon substitute, tree is cold hardy in South Texas. Makes an excellent landscape plant. TAMU

Lime


Nectarine

Armking
Crimson Gold
Snow Queen Yes Great white fleshed freestone of legendary status. So fragile that it melts in your mount. Some resistance to plum curculio and black spot. Ripens in late May. 250-300 chill hours. Urban

Peach

August Pride Yes Large, all-purpose yellow freestone for mild winter climates. Sweet, aromatic, rich flavor, one of the very best. Ripens 3-4 weeks after Mid-Pride. Chilling requirement less than 300 hours. Self-fruitful Dave

Early Amber

Floridaking Yes A medium-size, yellow flesh, slight oval shaped peach with small tip and firm flesh. Fruit ripens about 65 to 70 days after full bloom. Requires about 450 chilling hours. TAMU

June Gold Yes An excellent, semi-cling peach with very good size. It ripens in late May and early June. It requires 650 hours of chilling. TAMU

La Feliciana Yes A yellow, freestone peach, the fruit is round, yellow-fleshed and ripens just after Harvester. It is suggested for trial plantings in the 550 hour chilling zone. TAMU

Maypride Yes Superior new variety. Delicious yellow fleshed fruit-the best low chill peach for its season. Larger than other early peaches. Ripens in May. Large showy, pink blossoms. Ripens before Plum Curculio gets fruit. 175-200 chill hours. Urban

Rio Grande Yes A medium, semi-freestone peach. It requires 450 hours of chilling. Rio Grande is one of the more promising, extremely low chilling varieties. It tends to produce variable size fruit with an irregular surface. TAMU

Sentinel Yes A large, semi-freestone peach. The fruit is large, round with some fuzz. The fruit ripens quickly and often drops from the tree. It requires 800 hours of chilling. The tree is strong, vigorous, and productive. It is widely used as a commercial peach and is an excellent peach for the home orchard. TAMU

Pear

Baldwin Yes
Garber Yes An oriental pear hybrid. It has been grown as a home pear in Texas for many years. The fruit is early ripening, has a pale yellow color, pleasant odor and apple shape. The tree is relatively resistant to fireblight but has a tendency to lose its leaves early in the fall. TAMU
Keifer Yes Blight resistant. Strong tree well adapted to wide range of soil and climatic conditions. Consistent producer. Fruit medium to large, golden yellow with red tint. Excellent for baking and preserving. Store fruit for 2 weeks after harvest for maximum quality. Ripens in mid August BeeKeeper
Moonglow Yes Resists fireblight. Large fruit, use fresh or for canning. Productive, spur-type tree. Mid-season harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required, good pollenizer for other pears. BeeKeeper
Orient Yes Blight resistant, very vigorous, spreading tree. Round, very large fruit. Fruit is yellowish with red blush. Creamy white flesh with juicy, melting texture good for fresh eating. Late maturing variety. BeeKeeper
Pineapple Yes Has fruit that ripens early and is very hard, even when fully ripe. It makes excellent preserves but is poor as a canning and sliced fruit because it disintegrates when cooked. Pineapple has a high grit cell content. The tree is vigorous and has a history of long tree life. TAMU
Tennessee Yes
Warren Yes

Pecan

Cape Fear Yes This pecan bears heavy at an early age. It is best for the southeastern states. It is scab resistant and provides and ample yield of 55 to 60 nuts per pound. BeeKeeper
Caddo Yes
Cheyenne Yes A medium sized pecan with good kernel quality. Bear heavily and at an early age. Very good for orchard plantings. BeeKeeper
Choctaw Yes Nut is high in oil content, about 60% kernel, thin hull, large and attractive. This is a Mahan-Success Cross. BeeKeeper
Desirable Yes Vigorous growing, disease resistant tree. Good sized, soft-shell nut. About 55% meat. BeeKeeper
Forkert Yes
Kiowa Yes This is a Mahan-Odom cross. Nuts are large-oblong needing 45 to 50 nuts to make a pound. Bears early and heavy crops of excellent quality nuts. BeeKeeper
Oconee Yes
Shawnee Yes Cross of Schley and Barton. A very heavy prolific bearer of medium size pecans which are suitable for in-shell or shelling trade. The Shawnee trees come into production early. Released in 1968. Has a very high quality kernel. BeeKeeper

Plum

Allred Yes A small plum with bright red flesh and skin. Fruit is very acidic but is good for jellies and preserves. The tree has red bark and leaves. It is adapted over a wide area of the state. Allred is used mostly for ornamental purposes TAMU
Bruce Japanese plum. Produces large amount of brilliant wine red fruit with red flesh. Large size. Excellent fruit quality for canning. Bears at young age. Must have pollinator. Ripens early to mid-June BeeKeeper
Methley Yes Japanese plum. Vigorous tree with upright shape. Heavy bearer. Medium to large reddish-purple fruit with red flesh. Excellent quality. Distinctive sweet mild flavor. Popular home garden variety. Excellent for fresh eating or processing. Good pollinator for Bruce and Morris. Ripens early June BeeKeeper
Santa Rosa

Raspberry

Dorman Red Yes Variety adaptive to growing in hot south. Producer of large bright red berries. Excellent eaten fresh or in baked goods, although berries are tart. Ripens early June. BeeKeeper

Strawberry

Chandler Yes
Douglas Yes A new California variety which has produced well in South Texas. It produces very high yields of very large berries. Plant in September as refrigerated plants or in November as fresh dug plants. Space them 12 inches apart TAMU
Fresno Yes
Sequoia Yes An excellent home garden variety for South Texas and The Gulf Coast. It is too soft for commercial production. it is an annual and should be planted in September or November at 12 inch spacing. TAMU
Tangi Yes A Louisiana Strawberry which can be grown in home gardens in South Texas and The Gulf Coast. It has an excellent disease resistance. Tangi is an annual variety and should be planted in November. TAMU
Tioga Yes An older California variety which can be used in home gardens in South Texas and the Gulf Coast. It is not disease resistant. It is an annual variety and can be planted in September or November. TAMU

Tangarine, Mandarin, Satsuma



References:

TAMU: Texas A&M University - Urban Programs - Harris County
BeeKeeper: Robert Talk - Houston gardener & beekeeper
Dave: Dave Wilson Nursery
Urban: Urban Harvest - Successful Fruit Varieties for the Houston Area